Euroscicon takes the privilege to invite all the participants, speakers, students, delegates, sponsors, exhibitors from all over the world to attend “11th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Addictive Behaviours” to be held during December 21-22, 2020 at Belgium, Brussels. This includes prompt keynote presentations, oral talks by speaker forum and young research forum, poster presentations, workshops and exhibitions. The conference will be focused on the theme “Unifying the new discoveries towards Addiction recovery”.
Addiction is a brain disease involves treatment of individuals living with chemical dependencies such as drugs, alcohol, and nicotine, disorders involving legal and illegal and other addictive substances.
People with a substance use disorder have distorted thinking, Changes in the brain’s wiring are what cause people to have intense cravings for the drug and make it hard to stop using the drug and it Show changes in judgment, decision making, learning, memory and behaviour control.
By treating with a good knowledge of physical health issues along with both psychological and physical treatment some chemical drug dependencies are required to work with people in order to stop or limit use to maintain their healthier state. Psychiatry is the branch of medicine that deals with, treatment, and prevention of addiction disorders, using both medical and psychological therapies, and professional therapeutic interaction, psychiatrists will prescribe different solutions to the patient’s problem, if necessary medication will be given to the patient. There can also be a way of recovery for those who have attempted to cease their drugs or alcohol abuse without prior success.
Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain and it means a person is totally addicted in one particular habbit. Dysfunction in these routes leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual expressions. This may include disorders involving many legal and illegal drugs, gambling, sex, food, and other impulse control disorders; this is redirected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors.
Epigenetic mechanisms in addiction
Types of addiction
Neurobiology of substance use disorder
Alcohol detoxification utilizing chemotherapeutic agents
Symptom of addiction
Causes of addiction
Addiction medicine is a therapeutic field that deals with the treatment of compulsion which reduces the fields of general well-being, psychology, social work, psychological wellness guiding, psychiatry, and internal medicine, among others. Related inside the strong points are the processes of detoxification, recovery, harm reduction, restriction based treatment, individual and gathering treatments, oversight of shelter, treatment of withdrawal-related side effects, intense intercession, long-haul treatments intended to lessen the probability of relapse. Most of the specialists those who have knowledge about family medicine provide treatment for disease condition generally associated with substance use such as hepatitis and HIV infection.
Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Mental Illness
Dual Diagnosis is a condition when a person suffers from both a substance abuse problem and another mental health issue such as depression or an anxiety disorder. Sometimes use alcohol or drugs are due to mental problems. Individuals who are dealing with Autism spectrum disorder are at high risk of substance abuse. They may feel that substance abuse helps them to cover their social ineptness but over time it begins to cause serious problems in their life. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is also related to addiction. Self-medication theory is widely used for the treatment of co-occurring disorders. Mental infection and substance utilize the interface to have real, negative outcomes for a few districts of working (tallying work, associations, welfare, and security). Recovery from mental illness is significantly more trying for individuals with a double conclusion, and the issues looked by groups of individuals with double diagnosis can be more complex and confounding than psychological sickness alone.
Psychiatry and Mental Health Addiction
Addiction psychiatry is a medical concerned with the diagnosis, treatment of persons suffering from one or more disorder related to addiction and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in mental health, including substance use disorders. Addiction psychiatry is an expanding field which currently has the high demand for substance abuse. Mental health disorders involve disturbances in thinking, emotion, and behavior. Small disturbances in these aspects of life are common, but when such disturbances distress the person greatly and interfere with daily life, they are considered mental illness or a mental health disorder.
Psychiatry and Psychological Disorder
A mental illness diagnosed by a psychiatrist that greatly disturbs your thinking, moods, and behavior and seriously increases your risk of disability, death, or loss of freedom is known as the psychiatric disorder. The term psychological disorder means a mental disorder or illness that interferes with a person’s behavior, interacting with others and functions in daily life. Psychiatric disorders are also sometimes known as mental health disorders or mental health illnesses. More often, psychiatric problems go unseen and undiagnosed in patients seeking treatment for some other health problem.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Child and adolescent psychiatry is a part of medical science that usually focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and preclusion of mental disorders in children, adolescents, and their families. A child and adolescent psychiatrist offers families the benefits of a medical education, the medical traditions of professional beliefs and medical responsibility for providing complete care. Almost every single psychotropic solution permitted to kids, including antipsychotics, antidepressant, anxiolytics, stimulants, and state of mind stabilizers.
Geriatric psychiatry is a specialty of psychiatry dealing with the study, treatment, prevention of mental disorders in humans with older people. The population of old people is increasing rapidly throughout the developed and developing countries. This reflects improving health and social conditions which is the major cause for celebration. Dementias disorder is particularly common in old age; others differ in clinical features and present particular problems in management.
Addiction Induced Brain Disorders
The concept that addiction is a “brain disease” has become widespread and rarely challenged. As Brain disease suggests that understanding and treating addiction in brain is necessarily a useful level of analysis. It explains the limits of over-medicalizing and acknowledging a genuine place for medication in the therapeutic collection. It is essential for an addicted person to understand addiction and to providing optimal care. The brain diseased person can disguises the dimension of choice in addiction, the capacity to respond, and also the essential fact people use drugs for reasons (as consistent with a self-medication hypothesis). The latter becomes obvious when patients become self-denying, yet still struggle to assume rewarding lives in the kingdom of work and relationships. Addicts can choose to recover and are not own victims of their own “hijacked brains
Addiction psychiatry is a clinical speciality within the psychiatric patients mainly focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and remedy of human beings who are struggling from one or greater problems related to addiction. This might also consist of problems involving criminal and unlawful drugs, gambling, sex, food, and different impulse manage disorders. Addiction psychiatrists treat a wide variety of sufferers of all a while with varying conditions. Each case of dependency is special and ad psychiatrists should take care of every individual patient. Addiction psychiatrists have to recognize the numerous elements that tie into each individual's struggle with an addiction
Psychiatry and Psychological Disorders
A psychiatric disorder is a mental illness diagnosed with the aid of a mental fitness expert that considerably disturbs your thinking, moods, conduct and severely will increase your hazard of disability, pain, death, or loss of freedom. A psychiatric sickness may additionally causes bodily symptoms, such as a headache, lower back pain, or belly pain. In addition, your signs have to be greater severe than predicted response to an upsetting event, such as regular grief after the loss of a loved one
Clinical neurophysiology is a medical practise that studies about the central and peripheral nervous systems through the readings of bioelectrical activity, whether spontaneous or stimulated. It consists both research regarding the pathophysiology along with clinical methods used to diagnose diseases involving both peripheral and central nervous systems. Examinations in the clinical neurophysiology field are not limited to tests conducted in a laboratory. It is thought of as an extension of a neurologic consultation. Tests that are conducted are concerned with measuring the electrical functions of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves in the limbs and muscles. It can give the exact definition of site, the type and degree of the lesion, along with revealing the abnormalities that are in question. Due to these abilities, clinical neurophysiology is used to mainly help diagnose diseases rather than treat them
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry and is related to criminology. It encompasses the interface between law and psychiatry. According to the Law, it is stated as "a subspecialty of psychiatry in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied in legal contexts involving civil, criminal, correctional, regulatory, legislative matters, and in all specialized clinical consultations in areas such as risk assessment or employment. A forensic psychiatrist provides services such as determination of competency to stand trial to a court of law to facilitate the adjudicative process and provide treatment, such as medications and psychotherapy, to criminals
Mental Health Awareness
A mental sickness is a physical illness of the intelligence that reasons disturbances in thinking, behavior, electricity or emotion that make it challenging to manipulate with the regular needs of life. Research is starting to discover the elaborate causes of these ailments which can encompass genetics, talent chemistry, brain structure, experiencing trauma and or having another clinical condition, like heart disease
The two most frequent intellectual health stipulations are:
Anxiety Disorders – More than 18% of adults every year war with some type of anxiety disorder, consisting of post-traumatic stress disease (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive ailment (OCD), panic disease (panic attacks), generalized anxiousness disorder and unique phobias
Mood Disorders – Mood disorders, such as depression and bipolar depression, have an effect on almost 10% of adults every year and are characterised via difficulties in regulating one’s mood
Neuropsychiatry and Neuropsychology
A neuropsychologist is a psychologist who specialises in the functions of the brain, particularly memory, concentration and problem solving. Their work involves testing and assessing the psychological problems people may experience following an injury or neurological disorder, and helping them in their rehabilitation.
Neuropsychiatrists and neuropsychologists specialise in treating patients with neurological conditions and helping them to deal with the psychological effects of illness or injury
Psychopharmacology is the scientific study of the effects drugs showing effects on mood, sensation, thinking, and behavior. It is differentiated from neuropsychopharmacology, which gives the correlation between drug-induced changes in the functioning of cells in the nervous system and changes in consciousness and behavior. The field of psychopharmacology studies gave a wide range of substances having various types of psychoactive properties, focusing primarily on the chemical interactions with the brain. Psychoactive drugs binds with particular target sites or receptors found in the nervous system to make widespread changes in physiological or psychological functions. The specific correlation between drugs and their receptors is referred to as "drug action", and the widespread changes in physiological or psychological function is referred to as "drug effect"
Following diagnosis, treatment options, including medications (topical, oral, and intravenous), device-based therapies (such as deep brain stimulation), surgeries (such as procedures to remove tumours), physical therapy, and rehabilitation. Major requirements include clinical skill, cutting-edge research, and personalized attention to provide comprehensive care for a range of neuropsychological disorders and conditions.
Stroke and Mental Health
A stroke is an emergency of medical aspect that requires early treatment that indicates early action can minimize brain damage and potential complications. Person affected by stroke addresses cognition and/or behavioural problems that includes problems using languages, vision and perception problems and sudden bursts of emotions.
Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is the restorative claim to fame worried with the counteractive action, determination, surgical treatment, and recovery of clutters which influence any segment of the sensory system including the mind, spinal string, fringe nerves, and additional cranial cerebrovascular framework
Pain and Addiction
There are a lot of popular miscalculations in surrounding pain management and addiction. Many doctors are not prescribing scheduled pain medications like Vicodin, Percocet or Darvocet because they worry about their patients becoming addicted to these painkillers. Some medical professionals are willing to prescribe controlled pain medications to patients who are being treated for cancer or under hospital care, but they’re cautious about prescribing to patients who suffer from severe pain caused by a car accident, arthritis or a spinal cord injury.
If you feel frustrated by your efforts to get a doctor to sufficiently treat your pain, or you’re self-medicating because you can’t get the pain help you need from a physician, you’re not alone. Effective pain managing requires an understanding of the nature of chronic pain, a will to listen to the patient’s reports of discomfort and the ability to distinguish between drug tolerance and dependence.
The neurophysiology of pain and interfaces with addiction
Psychological issues in the management of pain
Opioid therapy of pain
No opioid treatments in the management of pain
Legal and regulatory considerations in pain management
Behavioral interventions are interventions considered to affect the actions that individuals take with regard to their health. The typical medical intervention is a clinical trial of a particular drug, surgery, or device. In the trial, doctors provide different services to different people, and then estimate the outcomes. Variation in patient behavior is generally rejected; a strong emphasis is placed on making sure that patients do exactly what is estimated from them. With behavioural interventions, in difference, patient behavior is the key and the goal is to change it. In considering issues such as the high rate of needless illness (McGuiness and Foege, 1993) or racial disparities in health, behavioral interventions are key. This takes a chance about why some interventions are more successful than others.
Enhancing motivation to change
Parkinson's disease is characterised by the loss of cells of brain or funiculus, that over time results in dysfunction and incapacity that affects predominately dopamine-producing neurons in an exceedingly specific space wherever cells turn out dopamine. The symptoms of Parkinson’s diseases develop step by step. They usually begin with a small tremor in one hand and a sense of stiffness within the body.
Tremor or shaking
Alzheimer’s aliment is a neural structure issue. Alzheimer’s illness is that the most generally recognized sort of insanity, a gathering of scatters the disables mental operating. Alzheimer’s is dynamic and irreversible. Cognitive state is one among the foremost prompt indications, aboard a progressive decay of different intellectual and thinking capacities, referred to as intellectual capacities, and changes in identity or conduct.
Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease
Stroke related dementia
Computational and mathematical modeling of dementia
White matter and dementia
Sleep and dementia
Neurosurgery refers to any surgery performed within the brain or the medulla spinalis. It is the medical speciality involved with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical operation, and rehabilitation of disorders that have an effect on any portion of the nervous system as well as the brain, neural structure, peripheral nerves, and vessel system.
Neurological & Psychiatric Disorders
Brain Injury & Brain Tumor
Skull base Neurosurgery
Stress, Anxiety and Depression during pregnancy
Pregnancy brings a mix of feelings, and all of them are not good. If you're feeling worried, you're not alone. Worry is common, mainly during a woman's first pregnancy or an unplanned one. It can be even harder if you're dealing with depression or anxiety. Mood swings are normal during pregnancy. Feeling nervous or down all the time, it could be a sign of something deeper going on. Stress over being pregnant, changes in body during the pregnancy, and everyday worries can take a toll. Some pregnant women have depression or anxiety. Pregnant women may have other mental health issues, such as Bipolar disorders, PTSD, Panic attacks, OCD, Eating disorders etc. It's important to treat mental health problems during pregnancy. Mothers who are depressed, anxious or having any other issue might not get the medical care they need. They might not take care of themselves during the pregnancy. All of these things may harm a growing baby.
Addiction psychiatry aims to treat people with addiction topics along with co-occurring psychiatric disorders, otherwise known as patients with identification. The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependency estimates that over 23 million Americans (age 12 and older) are addicted to alcohol and other drugs. The U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration estimated the market for addiction cure at about $35 billion for 2014.Since 2006, private equity firms have invested more than $2.2 billion in substance abuse treatment companies.
10 Most Common Addictions:
- Tobacco (nicotine) – Over 40 Million
Nicotine addiction is not as risky as other addictions. Tobacco use rights more lives than any that of any other addictive substance. Many cigarette smokers cannot quit despite knowing smoking’s impact on their health. Normal to quit but being unable to is a tell-tale sign of addiction.
- Alcohol – 18 Million
Its legitimate status, alcohol’s potential for abuse opens users up to many health risks and possible addiction. Alcohol abuse has numerous negative consequences. In addition to deaths from liver disease and alcohol overdose, drunk driving dues thousands of lives every year.
- Marijuana – 4.2 Million
It is the most commonly used illegal substance this cause short-term memory and learning, the ability to focus, and coordination. It also increases heart rate, can damage the lungs, and may increase the danger of psychosis in vulnerable people. The legalization of marijuana in some states has made the drug’s use more socially acceptable.
- Painkillers – 1.8 Million
Drugs like codeine, Vicodin and OxyContin are commonly given to treat pain. Painkillers prescription station does not mean they aren’t addictive. Most patients who become addicted to prescription painkillers don’t notice they have a problem until they try to stop use.
- Cocaine – 821,000
The failure is slow, however, with an estimated 821,000 Americans still addicted as of 2011. Crack cocaine, which is low-priced and stronger than regular cocaine, is responsible for many crippling addictions and ruined lives.
- Heroin – 426,000
Heroin’s stark withdrawal symptoms make beating a heroin addiction a difficult task. Treating heroin addiction typically requires a combination of therapy and medications to help manage symptoms of withdrawal and thirsts.
Types of Addiction Treatment and Costs:
Patient detox ranges from $1,000 to $1,500 in total. Most inpatient rehabs contain detox in the cost of a program. The exact cost of detox depends on whether it’s part of an inpatient program and the type of drug addiction being preserved. Substances with dangerous detox side effects require more careful observing, making the price higher.
- Inpatient Rehab
Some inpatient rehabs may cost around $6,000 for a 30-day program. Well-known centres frequently rate up to $20,000 for a 30-day program. For those requiring 60- or 90-day programs, the total usual of costs could range anywhere from $12,000 to $60,000.
- Outpatient Rehab
Outpatient platforms for minor to sensible addictions are cheaper than inpatient rehab. Many cost $5,000 for a three-month program. Some outpatient programs, such as the program at Hazelden Betty Ford, cost $10,000. The price tag depends on how often the individual visits the centre each week.
The type of action and medications needed marks the price tag on rehab. Some people don’t need prescription for their addiction. Medications most often treat alcohol and opiate addiction. Year-long methadone usage for heroin users costs around $4,700.
- The Cost of Addiction
An alcoholic who drinks a 12-pack a day consistently for a year spends over $3,000. This cost doesn’t include possible legal issues that can cost thousands more. It’s harder to estimate the price of illegal drug addiction, but it can be much higher. Some former heroin users have described spending tens of thousands of dollars on their addiction.
Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medications:
These are usually given for pain relief. Commonly prescribed opioids include hydrocodone oxycodone, morphine, fentanyl, and codeine. In the United States, more individuals now die from opioid sedative overdoses than from heroin and cocaine combined.
Methylphenidate and amphetamines are drugs commonly given for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
These are usually given to help sleep or to reduce anxiety. As measured by national surveys, drugs are often categorized as sedatives or tranquilizers. Sedatives primarily include barbiturates but also include sleep medications such as Ambien and Lunesta. Anaesthetics primarily contain benzodiazepines such as Valium and Xanax, but also include muscle relaxants and other anti-anxiety medicines.
- “Syrup,” “Purple Drank,” “Sizzurp,” or “Lean”
Describes beverage mixed with prescription-strength cough syrup containing codeine and promethazine these cough syrups are available by medicine only. Consumers may also flavour the mixture with hard sweeties. Drinking this combination has become increasingly popular among some personalities and youth in several areas of the country. Codeine is an opioid that can create easing and joy when consumed in sufficient quantities.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse
- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
- Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
- Addiction Research Centre
- Alcoholism and Addiction Research
New Advances in Addiction Medicine:
The exploitations of legal and illegal drugs remain one of the major medical problems in the world today. Cannabis remains by far the most widely used drug, monitored by amphetamine-type stimulants, opiate and cocaine users. Alcohol taking advantage and alcoholism annoys nearly 10% of the general population both in the United States (McGinnis and Foege, 1993) and in Europe (Hupkens et al., 1993).
Drug and alcohol abuse have many medical imports. Health effects may range between cardiomyopathies, immune impairment, endocrine disorders, metabolic and nutritional disorders, liver and gastrointestinal diseases, cancer disease, neuropsychiatric complications to name a few, so all kinds of surgeons could be involved in the management of these patients. Medical methods continue to develop with new findings in pharmacology, molecular genetics, and immunology.
Certainly, in the last three decades, our increased information about the molecular, biological and social aspects of addiction has enabled us to improve the management and existence of these patients. For example, the discovery of the neurobiological basis of addiction and of different neural paths involved in drug and alcohol abuse led to recognize new pharmacological approaches to treatment that can be matching with psychosocial treatments. Furthermore, there are new advances in pharmacogenetics that can bring advancing to era of personalized medicine to the addictions field. New scenes in vaccine research also promise to improve both the prevention and treatment of addictive disorders. All this scientific progress was, and shall continue to be, possible due to the rapid growth of research in the field.
Borderlines in Addictive Disorders will be at the cutting-edge of publishing papers that will shape our understanding and the treatment of addictive diseases now and in the future. The scope of the journal is very broad and ranges from the laboratory bench to society.
List of Addiction and Substance Abuse Global Organisations
- Addiction Services
- Alcohol Policy Network
- Canadian Addiction Rehab
- Canada Drug and Alcohol Rehab Programs
- Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction
- Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
- Health Canada
- Kids Help Phone
- National Anti-Drug Strategy
- Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre
- Pot and Driving Campaign
- Problem Gambling Services
- Drugs & Organized Crime Awareness Service
- Alcoholics Anonymous
- Cenikor Foundation
- Greenway Recovery Centre
- Hope Haven
- Mothers against Drunk Driving
- National Institute on Drug Abuse
- SMART Recovery
- RehabForTeens.co Teen Addiction Help
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
- World Health Organization
- European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
- European Opiate Treatment Association (EUROPAD)
- European Association of Libraries and Information Services on Addictions (Elisad)
Recent Addiction Research:
- Surprising Brain Change Appears to Drive Alcohol Dependence
- Deep Brain Stimulation Blocks Heroin Relapse in Rats
- Scientists Develop Vaccine Against Fatal Prescription Opioid Overdose
- Researchers Illuminate Key Molecular Player in Both Morphine Addiction and Rare Disease
- International Team Unveils First Atomic-Level Image of the Human 'Marijuana Receptor'
- Team Awarded Special Grant to Develop Memory-Altering Medication for Addiction
- Team Reverses Alcohol Dependence in Animal Models
- Study Supports New Strategy to Fight Cocaine Addiction
- Facing an Opioid Epidemic
- AAAP – American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry
- American Society of Addiction Medicine [ASAM]
- Canadian Society of Addiction Medicine [CSAM-SMCA]
- Dutch Society
- Egyptian Society
- Japanese Society of Alcohol-Related Problems
- Korea Academy of Addiction Psychiatry
- Swiss Society of Addiction Medicine [SSAM]
- Austrian Society for Addiction Medicine [AUSAM]
- Finnish Society of Addiction Medicine
- Icelandic Society [SAA]
- Israeli Society of Addiction Medicine [ILSAM]
- Norwegian Association of Addiction Medicine [NFRAM]
Statistics of Addiction in America:
Addiction is more public than many realize. There were around 20.6 million people in the United States over the age of 12 with an addiction in 2011.
- Over 20 million Americans over the age of 12 have an habit (excluding tobacco).
- 100 people die every day from drug overdoses. This rate has increased in the past 20 years.
- Over 5 million alternative room visits in 2011 were drug related.
- 2.6 million People with addictions have a dependence on both alcohol and illicit drugs.
- 9.4 million People in 2011 reported driving under the influence of illicit drugs.
- 6.8 million People with an addiction have a mental disorder.
- A rate of illegal drug use is highest among those aged 18 to 25.
- Over 90% of those with an addiction started drinking, smoking or using illegal drugs before the age of 18.
Alcoholism is one of the most public addictions affecting Americans. However, the noted rates of alcoholism are decreasing (18.1 million people in 2002 to 16.7 million in 2011), but the addiction is still a cause for concern.
- Binge drinking is more common in men; 9.1% of men 12 and older reported heavy drinking 5 or more days in a month, while 2.6% of women described this.
- Over 11% of Americans have driven under the guidance.
- Out of 16.6 million people with alcoholism, 2.6 million were also needy on an illicit substance.
- It is expected that over 95% of those who need treatment for alcoholism do not feel they need treatment.
- More people receive cure for alcohol than any other substance.
- Over 30% of those who received treatment in 2011 reported using public or private health insurance to pay for cure.
Tobacco and Nicotine Statistics:
Tobacco products have the highest rates for dependence. There are several factors that underwrite to this, such as availability. There are more resources than ever to help you quit.